Prostate Problems Symptoms and Signs

  • The prostate is a gland that is a part of the male reproductive system that wraps around the male urethra near the bladder.
  • The gland is about the size of a walnut and grows larger as you age.
  • Enlargement of the prostate gland can cause symptoms, for example:
    1. Dribbling urine
    2. Pain or buring during urination
    3. Frequent urination
    4. Blood in the semen or urine
    5. Frequent pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, pelvic or rectal area, or the upper thighs
    6. Urinary incontinence (the inability to urinate)
    7. Painful ejaculation
  • Common prostate problems in men include:
  • To diagnose the cause of the prostate problem, the doctor will do a rectal exam, patient history and take bacterial cultures if infection is suspected and ruling out prostate cancer.
  • Prostate cancer is common in men over 50, especially in African Americans and in men who eat fatty food and/or have a father or brother with prostate cancer.
  • Initiial procedures and tests to diagnose prostate cancer may include:
    • A rectal exam
    • Ultrasound
    • Assessment of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels
  • Prostate cancer is definitively diagnosed by a tissue biopsy.
  • Treatments for prostate cancer may include:
  • Many, but not all, doctors believe that men under the age of 75 should have yearly PSA tests.
  • Identifying prostate problems early is a way to reduce future prostate problems.